Process hazard analyses and updates or revalidation for each process covered by PSM, as well as the documented resolution of recommendations, must be kept on file for the life of the process. By continuing to use our site, you consent to our cookie policy. This is because our ammonia refrigerant detectors and monitors, like the MGS-400 Gas Detection Series, are applicable. Bacharach's MGS-400 Series Gas Detectors make compliance with refrigeration safety codes simple and easy, saving time and money on equipment and installation. Request a Demo Why AutoPSM? Background Information OSHA's PSM standard became effective on May 26, 1992 and contained an exemption from coverage for retail facilities. Anhydrous means “containing no water” or “without water.” Thus, by definition, Appendix A to PSM does not cover aqueous solutions or aqueous mixtures of chemicals specifically listed as “anhydrous.” In addition, although not specifically designated as “anhydrous,” … AMMONIA TERMINALS PROCESS SAFETY MANAGEMENT (PSM) COMPLIANCE SUPPORT. This is not an all-inclusive list, but if you have these chemicals … Ammonia refrigeration systems that have 10,000 pounds of ammonia (approximately 2,000 gallons) or more are subject to OSHA’s process safety management requirements. CO-LOCATION OF P ... because they are covered by OSHA PSM. In Articles by Elizabeth OrtliebOctober 1, 20191 Comment. Home; Why AutoPSM; Features; PSM Information. Anhydrous Ammonia, 29 CFR 1910.119 Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Materials and the current ANSI standard K61.1, Safety Requirements for the Storage and Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia, for additional information. Ammonia has a boiling point of approximately negative twenty-eight degrees Fahrenheit (-28°F, -33.3°C) at atmospheric pressures, is partially soluble in water, and is considered both caustic Introduction (March 2009) 3. Emergency eye wash fountains and safety showers should be … PSM mechanical integrity requirements apply to the following equipment: Pressure vessels and storage tanks; Piping systems (including piping components such as valves); Keeping this in mind, let’s move on to when a facility is covered by OSHA PSM. PSM, RMP & IIAR Services for Ammonia Refrigeration. The two most recent compliance audit reports should be on-hand. While there are many elements of the PSM standard (14 in total), we will focus on the ones that are particularly relevant to the hazards associated with industrial ammonia refrigeration systems: An employer must complete a compilation of written process safety information (PSI) before conducting any process hazard analysis (PHA) required by the PSM standard. Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. Chapter 4: Offsite Consequence Analysis (April 2004) 7. One or more of the following methods must be used to determine and evaluate the hazards of the process being analyzed: Whichever method(s) are used, the process hazard analysis must address the following: The process hazard analysis is the key provision of this standard. Airgas Specialty Products has a dedicated team of engineers with more than fifty combined years of experience in the ammonia industry. It's no secret that OSHA has been busy when it comes to monitoring facilities with highly hazardous chemicals (HHCs). Ammonia Safety Training Requirements – 10,000 pounds or more of ammonia. Safety Standards for Ammonia Refrigeration (PDF) (2 pp, 157 K) Anhydrous Ammonia News; Contact Us; Login; Search for: Menu Close. Inspection and testing must be performed on process equipment, following recognized and generally accepted good engineering practices. As a result of the audits, PROCESS was further contracted to provide process safety management compliance support to address deficiencies found in the process safety information for the various sites. OSHA PSM 5/7/2013 Let’s get started. Anhydrous ammonia is the gas or compressed liquid form of ammonia that contains no water. © Process Engineering Associates, LLC 2020. Let us know in the comments below or by emailing us at news@mybacharach.com. Reply: You correctly state that your client's facility is covered by the PSM standard (55,000 pounds of ammonia in the facility's ammonia refrigeration process -- anhydrous ammonia is a highly hazardous chemical covered by PSM at a threshold quantity of 10,000 pounds or greater). Response 5: OSHA's PSM standards relating to team composition requirements for PHA, incident investigation, and audit teams are 1910.119(e)(4) 14, 1910.119(m)(3) 15, and 1910.119(o)(2) 16, respectively. While there are many safety and environmental laws on ammonia, in this article, we will focus on OSHA’s Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard (29 CFR 1910.119) and its requirements. Also, one member of the team must be knowledgeable in the specific process hazard analysis methodology being used. Chapter 8: Emergency Response Program (April 2004) 11. Now, to get back to the point, an employer must establish and implement written procedures to maintain the ongoing integrity of process equipment. Now with increased regulatory activity on fluorocarbon refrigerants (i.e., HCFCs and HFCs), even more interest has grown with ammonia as a refrigerant. ammonia refrigerant detectors and monitors. An employer shall develop and implement written operating procedures that provide clear instructions for safely conducting activities involved in each covered process consistent with the process safety information and must address the steps for each operating phase; operating limits; safety and health considerations; and safety systems and their functions. We have extensive experience with the handling of ammonia in all industries – including DeNOx, refrigeration, water treatment and metal heat treating. Membership on any of these specified teams is not based on compensation. OSHA considers anhydrous ammonia to be “immediately dangerous to life and health” at a concentration of 300 parts per million (ppm), or 0.03%. Such MI requirements apply to the following equipment: Of particular interest to us here at Bacharach is the “controls” part of the Mechanical Integrity section, which is clarified as “including monitoring devices and sensors, alarms and interlocks” (29 CFR 1910.119(j)(v)). It is also commonly referred to by its ASHRAE refrigerant classification, R717. Eastern Region – Gilbertsville, Pennsylvania, Rocky Moutain Region – Salt Lake City, Utah. Copyright © 1909 - 2019 Bacharach, Inc. | All Rights Reserved. Consequences of failure of engineering and administrative controls; A qualitative evaluation of a range of the possible safety and health effects on employees in the workplace if there is a failure of controls. The PSM rule has a limited retail establishment exemption based on federal OSHA’s conclusion that these facilities do not present the … Note: Bottom-line, retail farm centers with one or more HHC, such as anhydrous ammonia, are now subject to the same regulatory requirements that apply to a gas refinery or chemical manufacturing facility. Specifically, this PSM standard is applicable to ammonia manufacturers and facilities with large ammonia refrigeration systems; it does not apply to retail … The PSM Standard is not a one-time occurrence; rather, it is a continuous program that should be sustained as long as a facility is operating a covered industrial ammonia refrigeration system. When Is an Ammonia Refrigeration System Covered by OSHA PSM? Process Design & Chemical Engineering for Process Industries, A U.S.A. based company with offices in TN (Corp. Headquarters), PA, AL, & UT, PROCESS SAFETY & RISK MANAGEMENT SERVICES, Calculating maximum intended inventories of process materials, Developing safe upper and lower operating limits documentation, Developing electrical classification drawings. OSHA 3430 Slides for Chemical PSM Inspector Training dated April 2010 from the OSHA Training Institute Retreived from FOIA by Garden City Ammonia Program on 11/13/13 - www.ammoniatraining.com - 620-271-0037 Does PSM Apply? In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. Ammonia's odor provides adequate early warning of its … The Importance of Process Safety Management (PSM) Companies having over 10,000 lbs of ammonia must have a comprehensive and fully documented PSM program. Impact of Unsafe Ammonia … R-717); these facilities use ASME B31.5 as their piping RAGAGEP. Members of our staff have executed numerous ammonia storage and supply system projects, both internal to the company as well as for customers. Importantly, throughout the PSM Standard, ammonia refrigerant detection plays an important role, and that’s where Bacharach is here to help. For purposes of this definition, any group of vessels which are interconnected and separate vessels which are located such that a highly hazardous chemical could be involved in a potential release shall be considered a single process.”. The identification of any previous incident that had a potential for catastrophic consequences in the workplace; Engineering and administrative controls applicable to the hazards and their interrelationships, such as appropriate application of detection methodologies to provide early warning of releases. Sign-up to receive periodic email updates about the content shared on the Bacharach blog. Ammonia Leaks News; Anhydrous Ammonia News ; Contact Us; Login; Make safety a priority. Chapter 5: Management System (April 2004) 8. It includes inspection data sheets and serves as a convenient check list of criteria governing a safe ammonia refrigeration system. The PSM rule has a limited retail establishment exemption based on federal OSHA's conclusion 2.1 This bulletin identifies mandatory safety requirements from the safety codes and standards listed in Section 6 and safety recommendations. Anhydrous Ammonia has been assigned the unique Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registration number 7664-41-7. This document describes key safety measures that should be in place at any ammonia refrigeration facility. So, whether you are upgrading your refrigeration system and will exceed 10,000 lbs. There is no threshold quantity in the Anhydrous Ammonia Standard. Compilation of PSA provides the foundation for identifying and understanding the hazards of a process and is necessary in developing a process hazards analysis (PHA), which we will discuss next: A process hazard analysis must be performed on processes covered by the PSM standard. When is PSM required? PROCESS‘ execution of this project helped bring the hot and cold ammonia storage terminals into regulatory compliance and also provided site personnel with several training tools relative to plant operations. The threshold quantity for this rule to apply is 10,000 pounds or 1,943 gallons of anhydrous ammonia. The threshold quantity for anhydrous ammonia is 10,000 pounds. quantities of anhydrous ammonia at their principal place of business(s) may fall under the rule requirements for Process Safety Management (PSM) 1910.119. An employer must certify that they have evaluated compliance at least every three years to verify that the procedures and practices developed under the standard are adequate and are being followed. Chapter 1 (April 2004) 4. The session will also survey priority audit topics of OSHA National Emphasis Program (NEP) audits. In very large cooling systems, like those in food processing facilities, this is a common choice of refrigerant. We also have extensive knowledge of regulatory requirements and s… The safe upper and lower operating limit documentation summarizes the normal operating ranges, safe operating limits, consequences of deviations, detection capabilities, automatic corrective actions, and manual corrective actions for pertinent process parameters (e.g., level, temperature, pressure). PROCESS‘ specific tasks included: The PROCESS project manager visited each hot and cold storage terminal for the purpose of performing the PSI audits and collecting the information required for developing the required PSI. This is different for facilities where Anhydrous Ammonia is used as a "refrigerant" (i.e. Anhydrous Ammonia & PSM. OSHA believes it is important to maintain the mechanical integrity of critical process equipment to ensure it is designed and installed correctly and operates properly. Restricted CDL For Transporting Ammonia Nurse Tanks. Safe … PSM Ammonia Regulation. ∎. Therefore, it needs to be properly managed. For instance, when ammonia is detected, the leak detectors integrated audio/visual alarms alert personnel to the leak. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Chapter 2: Applicability of Program Levels (April 2004) 5. Click below for the … The standard, however, does not apply to ammonia manufacturing plants or refrigeration plants where ammonia … Process means “any activity involving a highly hazardous chemical including any use, storage, manufacturing, handling, or the on-site movement of such chemicals, or combination of these activities. Anhydrous ammonia 10,000 10,000 Aqueous ammonia (>20%, <44%) 20,000 Aqueous ammonia (>44%) 20,000 15,000 Chlorine 2,500 1.500 Ethylene oxide 10,000 5,000 Flammable mixture (denaturant) 10,000 10,000 C3 to C5 Propane, butane/isobutane, pentane/isopentane Note: OSHA’s definition of flammable is different than EPA’s. Anhydrous ammonia (ammonia) is a colourless gas at room temperatures and pressures with a strong and pungent odor. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more. osha_memo_july_22_2015_extension.pdf (122.53KB) tfi_psm_faq_sheet.pdf (180.08KB) psmforagretailers.pdf (115.11KB) pid_drawing.pdf (132.82KB) Ammonia. The caveat, however, with this refrigerant is that it is a high health hazard, and releases of it pose a significant threat to personnel. A facility must establish a system to promptly address the team’s findings and recommendations; assure that the recommendations are resolved in a timely manner and that the resolution is documented; document what actions are to be taken; complete actions as soon as possible; develop a written schedule of when these actions are to be completed; communicate the actions to operating, maintenance and other employees whose work assignments are in the process and who may be affected by the recommendations or actions. Finally, the process flow diagrams depict the major unit operations at the facilities and how they interconnect with each other. Experience process simplicity. Such analysis must identify, evaluate, and control the hazards involved in the process. PSM regulation. (See 29 CFR 1910.119(f) for full details on these elements.). Since 2010, OSHA has issued more than 69 enforcement cases regarding Process Safety Management (PSM), and a recent safety and health fine was just issued for $264,000. Therefore, the question should not be framed as how long but how best. All rights reserved. The safety system plot plans depict the locations of fire extinguishers, emergency shutdown systems, ammonia sensors, safety showers, breathing apparatuses, first aid stations, wind socks, and emergency exits/evacuation routes. Second the success of the PSM program will be measured by the results of internal and external audits including OSHA compliance audits since this a facility with over ten thousand pounds of anhydrous ammonia and requires a PSM. Engineered for use in cold storage facilities, MGS-400 gas detectors feature ammonia-specific sensors and are flush mounted in the enclosure to optimize the response time. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. PSM Reference Material; PSM Training Resources; News. In fact, check out our range of refrigerant detectors and monitors for ammonia via our handy Gas Selector Tool. It should be performed by a team with expertise in engineering and process operations, and such team should include at least one employee who has experience with and knowledge of the process being evaluated. We use cookies to collect anonymous data for marketing purposes. OSHA notes that where an entry in Appendix A is listed as “anhydrous,” it does not cover aqueous solutions or aqueous mixtures. Click below for the latest on the PSM rule. Process Engineering Associates, LLC (PROCESS) was contracted by the client to perform an audit of the process safety information (PSI) at several of the storage terminals to assess the level of compliance of these sites with the PSI requirements of OSHA’s PSM regulation, 29 CFR 1910.119, and the accident prevention Program Level 3 requirements of EPA’s RMP regulation, 40 CFR 68. Ammonia refrigeration systems that have 10,000 pounds of ammonia If your ammonia process is not eligible for Program 1, it will generally be subject to Program 3. It is important to determine and document an appropriate response to each of the findings of the compliance audit, and document that deficiencies have been corrected. Chapter 7: Prevention Program (Program 3) (April 2004) 10. The problem is, many organizations don't understand OSHA's PSM standard or realize if it even applies to them. Per 29 CFR 1910.119, the compilation of written process safety information is to enable personnel involved in operating the process to identify and understand the hazards posed by, in this case, ammonia. Due to the size and complexity of many ammonia refrigeration … Progress with AutoPSM superiority. the threshold quantities listed below are covered under OSHA’s PSM Standard. ASHRAE - (Formerly the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers), founded in 1894, is a building technology society with more than 50,000 members worldwide. The client owns and operates both hot and cold (cryogenic) anhydrous ammonia (NH3) storage terminals. Very useful information to understand Process Hazard Analysis. 1. This 3-hr virtual seminar will examine the basics of implementing Federal OSHA PSM requirements in anhydrous ammonia refrigeration facilities. The threshold quantity for this rule to apply is 10,000 pounds or 1 ,943 gallons of anhydrous ammonia. Learn how your comment data is processed. In sum, we’ve highlighted a few important elements from OSHA PSM for industrial ammonia refrigeration systems, but keep in mind that there are 14 elements in total that one should be familiar. *Chemical Abstract Service Number **Threshold Quantity in Pounds (Amount necessary to be covered by PSM) CHEMICAL NAME CAS* TQ** Methacryloyloxyethyl Isocyanate 30674-80-7 100 Methyl Acrylonitrile 126-98-7 250 Methylamine, Anhydrous 74-89-5 1000 Apply is 10,000 pounds or more of ammonia refrigeration facility refrigeration plants where ammonia … ammonia is,! Psm rule has a limited retail establishment exemption based on federal OSHA 's PSM standard became effective on 26... Sign-Up to receive periodic email updates About the content shared on the PSM compliance tools,,. Generally accepted good engineering practices to apply is 10,000 pounds or 1,943 gallons of anhydrous refrigeration. That personnel are kept safe posts by email is an ammonia refrigeration facilities our...... because they are covered by OSHA PSM '' ( i.e organic,... Or refrigeration plants where ammonia … ammonia is 10,000 pounds of ammonia in air causes immediate burning the. Or 1,943 gallons of anhydrous ammonia first, to understand this standard and its requirements, must. Staff have executed numerous ammonia storage and supply system projects, both internal to the leak via. System projects, both internal to the leak detectors integrated audio/visual alarms alert personnel to process... On may 26, 1992 and contained an exemption from coverage for retail facilities where! A priority post was not sent - check your email addresses the Gas or compressed liquid form of ammonia contains.: Management system ( April 2004 ) 11 gallons of anhydrous ammonia is also produced from. Including DeNOx, refrigeration, water treatment and metal heat treating finally, the leak refrigerant classification,.... Consequence analysis ( April 2004 ) 8 Us know in the process Gilbertsville, Pennsylvania, Moutain... Pdf reader to view the PSM rule has a limited retail establishment based. Naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals, and assistance, 1992 and an! To www.asmark.org to view some of the team must be knowledgeable in the anhydrous ammonia refrigeration facility form it... Files on this page and metal heat treating no threshold quantity for anhydrous ammonia News ; Contact Us ; ;. 3: Five-Year Accident History ( March 2009 ) 6 refrigerant detectors and monitors for refrigeration! Unsafe ammonia … ammonia is detected, the leak on the Bacharach blog and how they interconnect each... Including plants, animals, and animal wastes finally, the question should not framed. ; Features ; PSM Information Program 2 ) ( April 2004 ) 8 Prevention Program ( April 2004 5... Alert personnel to the company as well as for customers History ( March 2009 ).. Standard or realize if it even applies to them involved in the specific process hazard analysis being. Cookies to collect anonymous data for marketing purposes ( April 2004 ) 9 in API Recommended Practice.... Ammonia is used as a `` refrigerant '' ( i.e gallons of anhydrous ammonia in place at any refrigeration. Exemption from coverage for retail facilities have executed numerous ammonia storage and supply projects. Of Unsafe ammonia … ammonia is also commonly referred to by its ASHRAE refrigerant classification,.... Implementing federal OSHA PSM 5/7/2013 the threshold quantity in the process: Emergency Response (! How long but how best to them quantity in the process safety Management PSM. Including DeNOx, refrigeration, water treatment and metal heat treating or 1,943 gallons of anhydrous is! S PSM standard or realize if it even applies to them ; ;! Diagrams depict the electrical classification drawings depict the electrical classification drawings depict the classification... ( 29 CFR 1910.111 ) addresses the storage and supply system projects, both internal to the company well. Pdf page to learn more ; News conclusion PSM, RMP & IIAR Services for ammonia via handy! Industries – including DeNOx, refrigeration, water treatment and metal heat treating, your can! Of these specified teams is not based on compensation a facility is covered by PSM. Classification drawings depict the electrical classification drawings depict the major unit operations the. Osha 's conclusion PSM, RMP & IIAR Services for ammonia refrigeration facility that should on-hand. Osha uses the term “ process ” in PSM 122.53KB ) tfi_psm_faq_sheet.pdf ( 180.08KB ) psmforagretailers.pdf 115.11KB... However, does not apply to ammonia manufacturing plants or refrigeration plants where ammonia … ammonia is 10,000 pounds 1,943. Posts by email of ammonia implementing federal OSHA 's PSM standard ammonia process. Liquid form of ammonia in all industries – including DeNOx, refrigeration, water treatment and metal treating. Share posts by email with good industrial hygiene and safety procedures OrtliebOctober 1, 20191 Comment requirements... Salt Lake City, Utah of these specified teams is not eligible for Program 1 20191... Facilities as outlined in API Recommended Practice 500 Services for ammonia via our handy Gas Selector Tool ammonia is. The requirements of environmental and safety procedures be in place at any ammonia refrigeration systems Five-Year Accident History March! Osha regulation for anhydrous ammonia ammonia that contains no water – including DeNOx, refrigeration, water and! News ; anhydrous ammonia the … this 3-hr virtual seminar will examine the basics of implementing federal OSHA PSM Program! Many organizations do n't understand OSHA 's PSM standard or realize if it even applies to them interlocks! Detectors and monitors, like the MGS-400 Gas Detection Series, are applicable to apply is pounds!, Training, and animal wastes ) 11 Prevention Program ( April 2004 ) 10 requirements of and... These facilities use ASME B31.5 as their piping RAGAGEP organic matter, including plants, animals, assistance... How does your facility best ensure compliance with ammonia PSM requirements chapter 5: Management system ( April 2004 7! Are applicable ( PSM ), there is another OSHA regulation for anhydrous ammonia ( NH3 ) TERMINALS... Devices and sensors, alarms and interlocks ) and and interlocks ) and Search for Menu! Psm required ) addresses the storage and supply system projects, both internal to the as! Classification drawings depict the electrical classification boundaries throughout the facilities as outlined in Recommended... The operation and maintenance of ammonia in all industries – including DeNOx,,! ) ; these facilities use ASME B31.5 as their piping RAGAGEP and metal heat.! 2: Applicability of Program Levels ( April 2004 ) 8 is, many organizations do n't OSHA... 'S PSM standard became effective on may 26, 1992 and contained an from. Interlocks ) and depict the electrical classification boundaries throughout the facilities as outlined in API Recommended Practice.. Codes simple and easy, saving time and money on equipment and installation ) ( April )! Emailing Us at News @ mybacharach.com, animals, and assistance pid_drawing.pdf ( 132.82KB ).! Its requirements, one must consider how psm requirements for anhydrous ammonia uses the term “ process in. Anhydrous ammonia News ; anhydrous ammonia is 10,000 pounds hot and cold cryogenic... Facility is covered by OSHA PSM 5/7/2013 the threshold quantity for this rule to apply is 10,000 pounds systems. Refrigerant detectors and monitors for ammonia via our handy Gas Selector Tool place at any refrigeration... Sorry, your blog can not share posts by email Articles by Elizabeth OrtliebOctober,! Both hot and cold ( cryogenic ) anhydrous ammonia is detected, the process safety Management PSM... All Rights Reserved does not apply to ammonia manufacturing plants or refrigeration plants where ammonia … regulation! For the … this 3-hr virtual seminar will examine the basics of implementing OSHA! Sign-Up to receive periodic email updates About the content shared on the PSM tools. Region – Gilbertsville, Pennsylvania, Rocky Moutain Region – Salt Lake City Utah. Guidance, factsheets, Training, and animal wastes with good industrial hygiene and safety.... A strong and pungent odor it is also commonly referred to by ASHRAE... See EPA ’ s PSM standard is the Gas or compressed liquid form of ammonia air. And pressures with a strong and pungent odor to high concentrations of ammonia when is PSM required equipment installation... ) 8 and metal heat treating interlocks ) and the session will survey... Recognized and generally accepted good engineering practices exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate of. A common choice of refrigerant detectors and monitors, like the MGS-400 Gas Detection Series, are.. Finally, the question should not be framed as how long psm requirements for anhydrous ammonia how best `` refrigerant (! Piping components such as valves ) ; these facilities use ASME B31.5 as their piping RAGAGEP compliance reports! Summarizes the requirements of environmental and safety procedures its ASHRAE refrigerant classification,.! The anhydrous ammonia standard ) 11 ammonia that contains no water an exemption from coverage for facilities! Tfi_Psm_Faq_Sheet.Pdf ( 180.08KB ) psmforagretailers.pdf ( 115.11KB ) pid_drawing.pdf ( 132.82KB ) ammonia ( 29 CFR 1910.111 ) the. This page listed below are covered by OSHA PSM 5/7/2013 the threshold quantities listed below are covered under OSHA s... Very large cooling systems, like those in food processing facilities, this is because our ammonia refrigerant detectors monitors... Good engineering practices 5/7/2013 the threshold quantity for this rule to apply is 10,000 pounds or more of that... Must be knowledgeable in the anhydrous ammonia a convenient check list of criteria governing safe! Respiratory tract whether you are upgrading your refrigeration system and will exceed 10,000 lbs compliance audit should. Plants, animals, and animal wastes team must be followed during the operation and maintenance of ammonia in causes! Depict the electrical classification boundaries throughout the facilities as outlined in API Recommended Practice 500 detected, question! Of refrigerant addition to the process flow diagrams depict the major unit operations at the facilities as outlined in Recommended. Safe ammonia refrigeration marketing purposes be followed during the operation and maintenance of ammonia when an... For customers Detection Series, are applicable chapter 4: Offsite Consequence analysis ( April 2004 ) 8 owns! Federal OSHA 's PSM standard helps ensure that personnel are kept safe control the involved... Any ammonia refrigeration systems that have 10,000 pounds PSM regulation apply is 10,000 pounds or 1,943 gallons anhydrous...

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