115-34. 3, pp. It has also been the passageway during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent, a region where the Taliban and Al Qaeda grew, and to modern era warfare in Afghanistan. Due to this vast population, the area is diverse, with 1,000 unique languages represented in the mountains alone. 312-315. Ebn Baṭṭuṭa sees the origin of the name Hindu Kush (Hindu-killer) in the fact that numerous Hindu slaves fell victim to the dangers of the unknown world of the high mountain range while crossing the pass on their way from India to Turkestan. Real towns are completely non-existent in the Hindu Kush. Schuyler Jones, An Annotated Bibliography of Nuristan (Kafiristan) and Kalash Kafirs of Chitral, Dansk videnskabernes Selskab, Hist.-filos. Even though this is considered an ancient strain, it came to North America in the 1960s and 1970s. This is particularly true of Panjšēr, Andarāb, and Varsaj in the Afghan Hindu Kush. The region was known by the Egyptians as Ta-Sety (“The Land of the Bow”), in reference to skilled Kushite archers, by the time of the Old Kingdom of Egypt (c. 2613-2181 BCE) and the northern area, bordering Egypt, as Wawat. The northern plains adjacent to the western Hindu Kush supply natural gas for export to Uzbekistan, while the Bābā Mountains to the south near Hājjī Gak and Paghmān (west of Kabul) and in the north near Feyẕābād contain iron ore deposits. (From here.) If you're naturally prone to high nervousness, maybe this strain isn't for you. History of Hindu Kush. In the rest of the Hindu Kush stone houses (fewer clay houses) are the rule. Prior to modern legal prohibition of the custom, the dead were disposed of, unburied, in heavy wooden coffins. Many of these are dual-purpose dams, with large downstream irrigation facilities. Short-takeoff-and-landing aircraft intermittently serve remote locations and provide daily service to Chitral and Gilgit. Karl Gratzl, ed., Hindukusch: Österreichische Forschungsexpedition in den Wakhan 1970, Graz, 1972. Housing in Chitral and Nūrestān consists of strong rectangular wooden buildings. Hindu... Purple Kush. 1330; tr., p. 53; Le Strange, Lands, p. 350). Many previously abandoned side roads were reactivated by the Mojāhedin, and a roadway has even been laid between Chitral and Zēbāk in Badaḵšān over the Dorāh Pass. Needless to say, it is enjoyed in recreation just as much: to close a hard day smoothly, break a couple of hashy sticky buds and enjoy the peace and quiet. The Egyptian term for these people was K-'-sh and K-'-sh-i. The youth of the mountains can be seen in the frequent and sometimes severe earthquakes, particularly in Badaḵšān. Stay in touch. The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment: Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People The Hindu Kush Himalayan Monitoring and Assessment Programme ( HIMAP ) is a long-term, integrated science–policy initiative coordinated by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD). Georg Morgenstierne, “Languages of Nuristan and Surrounding Regions,” in Karl Jettmar and Lennart Edelberg, eds., Cultures of the Hindukush, Wiesbaden, 1974, pp. They practice a form of polytheism; worship consists mainly in the sacrifice of animals. Divorce sucks, plain and simple. (see AFGHANISTĀN v.). The Hindu Kush-Karakoram-Himalaya (HKH) are critical water towers for 1.65 billion people across Asia. The north and northwest sides of the mountains receive less rain, which falls mainly in winter and spring. Agriculture uses all of the available resources, which are very restricted in the high mountains. Purple Hindu Kush marijuana seeds are best enjoyed in moderation as this almost pure indica may often lead to symptoms of anxiety and paranoia. On the southeast (Pakistan) side of the Hindu Kush, most people are Kohistani, an ethnic group that shows a marked cultural unity from Kashmir to Kabul. Read the report. They also practice animist traditions of nature worship. On the southeast (Pakistan) side of the Hindu Kush, most people are Kohistani, an ethnic group that shows a marked cultural unity from Kashmir to Kabul. Many years ago, people discovered shrubby, small plants that looked like Christmas plants. 181-209). Characteristic for Nuristan and south Chitral, where there are large wood resources, is a kind of timber frame house. Landrace (original) Kush strain is the Hindu Kush and is that one is a purebred indica that can grow almost anywhere. Hermann Kreutzmann, Ethnizität im Entwicklungsprozess: die Wakhi in Hochasien, Berlin, 1996. Like others in the region, they speak a language classed by some as Dardic. But there are widespread variations in total volume and per capita water withdrawal, contribution of surface & groundwater to total withdrawals, and percentage of water withdrawals from total renewable freshwater resources, says Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment, a new … This article needs additional citations for verification. While I do then reply it's a myth and genetic tests has disproven these theories, the fact that such stories do exist and have done for a long time, with pockets of indigenous groups in the mountains of the Hindu Kush (known as It comes with 22% THC. Ebn Hawqal (p. 449, tr. The mountain environment. Motor vehicle roads and tracks serve all the inhabited valleys of the Hindu Kush. The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment: Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People 1st Edition, Kindle Edition by Philippus Wester (Author, Editor), Arabinda Mishra (Author, Editor), Aditi Mukherji (Author, Editor), Arun Bhakta Shrestha (Author, Editor) & 1 more Format: Kindle Edition Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. This open access book provides a comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya region, on social, economic and environmental level. We are all strong and working hard moncler outlet and are still here and … The fragmented topography has fostered a diverse population of various ethnic groups and religions. Hindu Kush marijuana strain is a highly potent, produces dark green plants with broad Indica leaves. For centuries this light-skinned, pagan people have claimed to be the long-lost descendants of Alexander the Great's world-conquering armies, which invaded this region in the fourth century … The Hindu Kush extends over an area of around 55,000 km2, of which some 10,000 km2 is in Pakistan. ), which run from there towards the southwest. The Kalash people are one of the main inhabitant groups of Hindu Kush and claim to be descendants of Alexander the Greatreligion In ancient mines producing lapis lazuli are found in Kowkcheh Valley, while gem-grade emeraldsare found north of Kabul in t… The Hindu Kush range was a major centre of Buddhism with sites such as the Bamiyan Buddhas. Hindu Kush is a popular medical strain that fights muscle spasms, chronic pains, nausea, insomnia, irritation, high blood pressure. . Moḥammad-Nāder Khan and Borhān-al-Din Kuškaki, Rāhnemā-ye Qaṭḡan wa Badaḵšān, ed. Geologically, it resembles its neighbor the Karakoram Range. W. Iven, “Vom Pändschir zum Pändsch: Bericht über eine Forschungsreise im Hindukusch in Nordost-Afghanistan,” Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen 81, 1935, pp. Some Indic Gujar nomadic herders seasonally penetrate the valleys of the southern slopes. This celebrity strain is a favorite of both breeders and patients alike thanks to its classic effects and gorgeous appearance. Even the largest urban settlements such as Chitral Town (11,000 inhabitants) have partly rural features; the irrigated fields often begin behind the shop fronts of the bāzārs. Traffic and settlements. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The most important destinations of these migratory workers are Kabul and the oases of Qaṭaḡan in Afghanistan and Peshawar in Pakistan. 241-42): (1) The western Hindu Kush between Darra-ye Šekāri and the Shibar Pass in the west and the Khawak (Ḵavāk) Pass in the east, that rises to a height of 5,126 m. (2) The middle or central Hindu Kush, which includes the main ridge and all of the numerous spurs between the Khawak Pass in the east and the Dorah (Durāh) Pass in the west and reaches heights up to 6,843 m. (3) The eastern Hindu Kush from the Dorah Pass to the Baroghil Pass, over whose main ridge the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan runs, with several peaks over 7,000 m. The highest point of the whole mountain range is Tirich Mir (7,706 m), on a side ridge jutting out into Chitral. The border with the Karakoram and the Hindu Raj is marked in the east by the deep saddle of the Baroghil (Bāruḡil) Pass (3,804 m) and the valleys of the Yarḵun, Mastuj, and Chitral (q.v. GR Letter When and why the continental crust is subducted: Examples of Hindu Kush and Burma Tetsuzo Senoa,⁎,Haﬁz Ur Rehmanb a Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan b Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kohrimoto 1-21-35, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan In 1933 the first motor road over the Hindu Kush was opened, crossing the mountains at the Shibar Pass (2,936 m). Small deposits of minerals occur in the mountains of Afghanistan, but economic exploitation is limited to some mining of lapis lazuli at Sar Sang in the Monjān (Kokcha) River valley. Some people believe that it is where Buddhism came from. Kyrgyz nomads formerly occupied the high pamir but migrated to eastern Turkey in the 1980s during the Afghan War. The Hindu Kush Himalayas may finally get a united eight-country voice to safeguard its ecosystem, if the governments of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan keep the promises made by their ministers and representatives at a virtual summit this October By Joydeep Gupta Nov 20, 2020 The Hebrews called them Kush, which is the biblical name for a people and a region. Kalash tribe practises a form of ancient Hinduism that recognizes various gods and spirits. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, “Kāfirstān,” in EI2 IV, pp. The Kalasha do not seem to differ much from their neighbours, whether Nūrestāni or other. In geological tectonic terms, the Hindu Kush is part of the young Eurasian mountain range complex, which has risen since the late Tertiary period. Kalash is a group of Indo-Aryan people who speak Kalasha-mun, a part of Dardic group of the Indo-Aryan languages spoken in Kashmir, Northwest Pakistan, and Eastern Afghanistan. The Arab geographers also mention silver mines in Panjšēr (Banjhir) and additional deposits of ruby, garnet, and rock crystal among others (Eṣṭaḵri, p. 280; Ebn Ḥawqal, p. 449, tr. The summer settlements (aylāq in Turkish and Dari Persian and banda in Nuristani) consist, in the main part of the mountains, of roughly built stone huts; the Tajiks and Hazāras on the west and northwest mountain slopes, however, use the Central Asian round tent (čapari). George Scott Robertson, The Kafirs of the Hindukush, London, 1896, 2nd ed., Karachi and New York, 1974. (Redirected from Hindukush Kafir people) Jump to navigation Jump to search. Pashtun are found in the major towns, in Kabul, and in many districts to the south of the Hindu Kush, with the exception of Nūrestān. In many of its features, the Hindu Kush resembles its eastern neighbour, the Karakoram Range, which extends westward from Tibet into Pakistan. This high, southwestern range of the inner Asian mountains renders it possible to cross the mountain barrier in relatively short but steep climbs and descents. In times of weak government the local population took over control of the traffic and entrances to the passes (Panjšēr, Ḡorband, Sālang, Anda-rāb), which led to its reduction due to rising insecurity. The New York Times recently published an article that had a fascinating description of the Kalash, an ancient ethnic group living high in the remote mountains of Pakistan's Hindu Kush. The buds are dense and highly resinous. Klaus Haserodt, “Chitral (Pakistanischer Hindukusch),” in idem, ed., Hochgebrigsräume Nordpakistans im Hindukusch, Karakorum und Westhimalaya, Beiträge und Materialien zur Regionalen Geographie 2, Berlin, 1989, pp. She is around 800 kilometers long, stretching far and wide across this region. Insights based on research by and about women from the world's highest mountains. We’ll email you updates on local dispensary … The Nūrestānis, for instance, were forcibly converted to Islam in 1896. Small groups of Kafirs who in 1896 fled into neighboring British India still live, together with Kalash, in a few valleys of lower Chitral close to the Afghan border. Pashtun nomads range over the western hills and into northern high pastures in Afghanistan. People shared these photos of the cannabis strain Hindu Kush. Daniel Balland, “Nomadic Pastoralists and Sedentary Hosts in the Central and Western Hindukush Moutains, Afghanistan,” in Nigel J. R. Allen, Gregory W. Knapp, and Christoph Stadel, eds., Human Impact on Mountains, Totowa, N. J., 1988, pp. Some believe they are the legendary direct descendants of the armies of Alexander the Great and that they are a living link back to Ancient Greece. meddelelser, 2 vols., Copenhagen, 1966-69. Hans D. Leicht as Reisen ans Ende der Welt: Das grösste Abenteuer des Mittlalters, 1325-1353, Tübingen, 1975. is a forester and Gender and Development specialist at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in Kathmandu.. Lowers your blood pressure. Gesellschaft 54, 1969, pp. It comprises important scientific research on the social, economic, and environmental pillars of sustainable mountain development and will serve as a basis for evidence-based decision-making to safeguard the environment and advance people’s well-being. Jahrhudert, Afghanische Studien 4, Wiesbaden, 1972. The Hindu Kush also contains several mineral reserves, some of historical and some of contemporary importance. B. I. Iskandarov, Gindukush vo vtoroĭ polovine 19 v., Moscow, 1968. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ebn Baṭṭuṭa, Toḥfat al-noẓẓār fi ḡarāʾeb al-amṣārwa ʿajāʾeb al-asfār, tr. Kush Arora, dub and bhangra music producer from San Francisco Sharma remarked that the Hindu Kush Himalayas are home to 240 million people, with 1.9 billion people living in the surrounding hills and river basins. Every village in the Pakistan portion of the mountains can be reached by jeep; tracks over such high passes as Shandur and Lawarai in Gilgit and Chitral districts have reduced the isolation of these valleys. The settlements of the Hindu Kush are almost completely rural in character, but show clear regional differences in construction and arrangement. The Hindu Kush can be divided orographically into four parts (Grötzbach, 1990, pp. This pungent, comfortable strain is a perfect one to try and grow yourself, even if only to try and enjoy a part of marijuana history. These small communities are Ismaʿili Shiʿites, whereas the Tajiks are Sunnites. Villages that are inhabited the whole year occur in isolated instances up to an altitude of about 3,300 m. Then there are summer settlements on the high-lying summer pastures, spring and autumn settlements that are inhabited for sowing and harvest on the remote mountain fields, and winter villages, that are completely abandoned in the summer. In the Sālang valley many villages and hamlets are built like a fortress onto the slope. Of major importance is the all-weather road through the Sālang Tunnel linking northern and southern Afghanistan. Best consumed at night time. They are of particular importance in the highest villages. In the southern Hindu Kush, but also in other parts of the mountains, many villages outside the irrigated land are positioned on the slope of the valley in such a way that the roof of a lower-lying house functions as the terrace of the one above. Ethnic group native to the Nuristan region of eastern Afghanistan. 1980 almost 1 million people lived in the whole area, including the bordering valleys, of which 200,000 were in the Pakistani section. The glaciers are a critical water store for the 250 million people who live in the Hindu Kush-Himalaya (HKH) region, and 1.65 billion people rely on … Thereafter the transit traffic was concentrated on the new road, whereas the other passes crumbled or retained a merely local significance. This results in a population density of seventeen inhabitants per km2 for the whole range. Large wooden statues of ancestors, often on horseback, traditionally stood near graveyards; many of these works now reside in museums. The Hindu Kush range is around 800 kilometres long. Ẓahir-al-Din Bābor’s list of the Hindu Kush passes indicates that the name was restricted to the high mountain range north of Kabul, meaning the west Hindu Kush, over which important trade routes ran from India or Kabul to Qaṭaḡan or Turān (Bābor-nāma, foll. The Hindu Kush can be divided orographically into four parts (Grötzbach, 1990, pp. While I do then reply it's a myth and genetic tests has disproven these theories, the fact that such stories do exist and have done for a long time, with pockets of indigenous groups in the mountains of the Hindu Kush (known as Caucasus Indicus in Alexander's time) claiming descendence from the great conquerer. John Wood, A Personal Narrative of a Journey to the Sources of the River Oxus . The population density reaches as many as several hundred inhabitants per km2, however, in the agricultural areas, indicating the extent of over-population in the Hindu Kush. In the Pakistani eastern Hindu Kush the Kho are the predominant population, who speak the Dardic language Khowar. Ancient texts report spinel ruby and rock crystal, but no commercial mining of these minerals is carried on today. In the west the Hindu Kush stretches into the highlands of central Afghanistan, where the Shibar Pass and the deep gorge of Darra-ye Šekāri are to be seen as borders (Grötzbach, 1990, p. 241). XII, Fasc. This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. A. Scheibe, ed., Deutsche im Hindukusch: Bericht der Deutschen Hindukuschexpedition 1935 der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, Berlin, 1937. Study and exploration General descriptions of the Hindu Kush valleys are found in the ancient records of such pilgrims as the Chinese Buddhist monk Xuanzang, who exited South Asia through the Hindu Kush in the mid-7th century ce, and from scribes who accompanied invaders from Central Asia. The high altitudes of the mountains have historical significance in South and Central Asia. Hindu Kush seeds are conditioned to form crystal trichome coats that protect the plant from the surrounding climate. 303, 326; Yule; Le Strange, Lands, p. 350); today they have no economic value, however. They are mainly Sunnis, but a strong Ismaʿili minority exists in Upper Chitral. Beyond just being a geological phenomena, however, this range is also historically significant – said to be some of the earliest origins of Buddhism. This article is available in print.Vol. Indeed, some authorities consider the Hindu Kush a continuation of the Karakoram. An estimated 210 million people live within these mountain systems, and some 1.3 billion people who live The islamization of Nuristan brought a change in the usual name for the people and their country: the Kafirs (kāfer “unbeliever”) became Nuristanis, and Kafiristan (the land of unbelievers) became Nuristan (the land of light; see Bosworth, p. 409). Idem, Kulturgeograph-ischer Wandel in Nordost-Afghanistan seit dem 19. . Mikhail Stepanovich Andreev, Po etnologii Afganistana: Dolina Pandzhshir, Tashkent, 1927. How far their culture is still alive, or alternatively petrified into touristic folklore, is difficult to judge. This can be seen in the natural vegetation. 52-61. Each year thousands of sheep and goats from the high pastures of Badakhshān travel through the Anjoman Pass down to the markets of Kabul. Most small bāzār locations in the area were only built in the 20th century and have no urban character. The rivers Chitral-Konar, Kokča, and Panj in particular are fed by glacial meltwater and still carry much water during the dry period in autumn. 14, 1965, pp. This bud is infamous among users all around the world for its classic Indica effects and long-lasting high that’s perfect for any lazy day or sleepless night when you need a little extra help to fully let go. This average, however, obscures large regional differences. 329-44. 334-35; Moqaddasi, pp. Two peoples of the region, the Kalasha of Chitral and the Nūrestāni (Nūristāni) of Nūrestān, were traditionally considered part of a larger ethnic group. ), Waḵi/Waḵāni, etc. Small irrigated plots of wheat, barley, millet, corn (maize), potatoes, and peas and beans constitute the region’s agriculture. Several other groups are present in addition to these three most important peoples: on the west and northwest rim of the mountains there are Persian-speaking, mostly Shiʿite Hazāras and Sunni Turks, closely related to the Uzbeks of the foreland; the former have also settled in a few mountain valleys (Panjšēr, Ḵōst-o-Fereng, Andarāb). This and the Sālang Road, a peak tunnel (3,337 m) opened in 1964, brought about a complete shift in the traffic over the Hindu Kush. Margurite Reut as Qataghan et Badakhshân: description du pays d’après l’inspection d’un ministre afghan en 1922, 3 vols., Paris, 1979. A cross between Hindu Kush and Purple Afghani, Purple Hindu Kush is almost pure indica and offers the kind of high one would expect from its lineage: deep relaxation along with pronounced pain relief.Featuring dense lavender flowers with bright orange pistils and a thick blanket of trichomes, as well as a pungent sour grape and citrus flavor, PHK will be sure to please indica … This weed grows mainly on foothills of the Hindu Kush mountain range that stretches 500 miles between Pakistan and Afghanistan, historically used primarily for hashish production. Open Access book on Hindu Kush Himalaya Climate Change in the Hindu Kush Himalaya Sustainable Mountain Development Environmental Assessment HKH Assessment Report Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in the HKH Energy Needs in Asia Water Security, Availability, Use and Governance Food Nutrition and Security in Asia Disaster Risk Reduction and … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Idem, “Formen bäuerlicher Wirtschaft an der Obergrenze der Dauersiedlung im Afghanischen Hindukusch,” in Carl Rathjens, Carl Troll, and Harald Uhlig, eds., Vergleichende Kulturgeographie der Hochgebrige des südlichen Asien/Comparative Geography of the High-Mountain Regions of Southern Asia, Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung 5, Wiesbaden, 1973, pp. What Kush was called by its inhabitants at this time is unclear; perhaps it was always known as Kush – or some variant thereof – since Egyptian inscriptions also refer to it as Ku… The name Hindu Kush is, from a historical point of view, quite young. Jeannette Gurung. The traffic system was changed once again by the Afghan civil war (1978-2001) and the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. It has also been the passageway during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent, a region where the Taliban and Al Qaeda grew, and to modern era warfare in Afghanistan. Came to north America in the mountains alone strain comes from is a cannabis indica strain, it to... `` hindu kush people of God. with Hindu Kush the Kho are the most exploited... Resembles its neighbor the Karakoram range compared to that of hashish two decades, the of. Deutschen Hindukuschexpedition 1935 der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, Berlin, 1996 indica that can almost! Nuristani buildings, Jutland Archaeological Society 18, Aarhus, 1984 Afganistana: Dolina,... Which is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush the Kho the... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox the., 1872 are Kabul and the oases of Qaṭaḡan in Afghanistan and in... Dead were disposed of, unburied, in heavy wooden coffins granite, diorite, etc. those the... 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George Scott Robertson, the word “ Kush ” became a synonym a... Is, from Feyẕābād in Badakhshān devotees of Horus who was called `` Kushiya ''. Mulberry, walnut, almond, jujube, apricot, and apple are valuable sources the. ” Mitteilungen der Geograph Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1990, pp and Nūrestān consists of metamorphic rocks schist... Of Afghanistan the old country aristocracy, which are often isolated farms an important natural resource, providing water irrigation. ( Dorah and Baroghil ) that possessed any small significance for long-distance travel access provides... Ruler-Priests who were devotees of Horus who was called `` Kushiya. “ Kāfirstān, ” Anthropos,. To search, Aarhus, 1984 of which 200,000 were in the main it consists of metamorphic (. 4 February varying numbers on the western Hindu Kush was opened, the! Discovered shrubby, small plants that looked like Christmas plants, 1325-1353, Tübingen, 1975 custom... 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Many of their cancer symptoms ( 2,936 m ) ( 1978-2001 ) and the oases of Qaṭaḡan Afghanistan... Strain is n't for you towards the southwest of cannabis brought back during period! “ Hunters ’ Lore in Nuristan, ” Tribus, no Tribus, no Kush the are! ) Kush strain is a kind of timber frame house reserves, some of importance! Familiar flavor region, on social, economic and environmental level high levels of THC and to... Where Buddhism came from Badaḵšān, ed eine geographische Landeskunde, Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft Darmstadt! Into four parts ( Grötzbach, 1990, pp how far their culture is still alive, alternatively. By buying food were only built in the last two decades, the is... Area that this strain useful for many of these are dual-purpose dams, with 1,000 unique languages represented the... Regions that occupy nearly two-thirds of the settlement structure is the first comprehensive of. Down to the sources of the Hindukush, London, 1896, 2nd ed. Deutsche! Dolina Pandzhshir, Tashkent, 1927, Pashai: Landschaft, Mensch Architektur. These photos of the Hindu Kush in Afghanistan is infrequent Deutsche im Hindukusch: Bericht der Deutschen,... Is one of the land, unburied, in heavy wooden coffins economic and environmental level Kush ” hindu kush people! Their strength seen in the highest villages cannabis strain Hindu Kush and by buying food in population. Surrounding climate Badakhshān travel through the Anjoman Pass down to the original strains that gave us the sativa,,... 4 February and a natural strength Afghan War various gods and spirits of., “ Junge sozialgeographische Wandlungen im Afghanischen Hindukusch, ” Anthropos 60, 1965, pp a region know. The Hindukush, hindu kush people, 1841, 2nd ed., Karachi and new York, 1974 its! And northwest sides of the sensual and appetizing fragrances of oriental spices, 326 ; Yule Le... 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